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Today there is a large selection of heating devices of different types. This diversity is due to the needs of customers to solve the problem of space heating in an optimal way and with the implementation of individual requirements for comfort, technical features of equipment and energy costs.
As a rule, it is not possible to meet all the requirements for a heating system using only one type of heating device. That is why the projects include different types of heat sources and heating devices. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages. Let’s review them in details.
Heating systems are divided into:● water - heat is transferred by water from the boiler to the heating devices in the rooms● air - air is heated from a heat source and through a system of air ducts is distributed throughout the premises● electric - heat is generated directly in electric heating devices
The following can be used as heat sources:● gas boilers - economical and most common option. Requires a gas pipeline● electric boilers and heating devices - used if it is impossible or difficult to connect to the central gas pipeline● solid fuel boilers are an efficient source of heat, but with inconvenient service● heat pumps (their option - inverter air conditioner) - the most efficient option for electric heating. High cost of equipment● fireplaces are convenient as a backup heat source. Used in both air and water heating systems
Heating devices, which are usually used in heating systems:● radiators - a typical solution in the case of water heating● fan coils - an effective solution for rapid heating. Floor fan coils are convenient to use for heating rooms with panoramic windows● underfloor heating - provides the most comfortable conditions in the room. Both water and electric options are used. Special requirements for home insulation and flooring materials● infrared panels - an effective option for electric heating. They are characterized by low inertia and high efficiency● indoor air conditioners are the most efficient heating solution. Versatility of application - suitable for heating and cooling.
Consider one of the typical options for a combined heating system.
To increase the reliability and reduce the dependence on the use of one type of energy source, different types of heat sources and heating devices are used:● gas (priority) and electric boilers● water heating system using radiators in all rooms● electric underfloor heating in the kitchen and bathrooms● inverter air conditioner - for heating and cooling in the living room and bedroom.